Visit Website Did you know? In NovemberPresident Abraham Lincoln delivered his most famous speech at the dedication of the National Cemetery at Gettysburg, eloquently transforming the Union cause into a struggle for liberty and equality--in only words. July 1 Upon learning that the Army of the Potomac was on its way, Lee planned to assemble his army in the prosperous crossroads town of Gettysburg, 35 miles southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Contact Author In early July of the campaign that more than any other determined the outcome of the American Civil war was concluded. That campaign was not the battle of Gettysburg, fought during the first three days of the month, but Vicksburg, which fell to Union forces on July 4.
Grant had a greater impact on the outcome of the war. General John Pemberton, of more than 30, troops. Union forces controlled both ends of the Mississippi River, having taken New Orleans in April ofand Memphis in June of that year.
But because of the powerful Confederate presence at Vicksburg, located on the river between the two Union strongholds, free navigation of the Mississippi was denied to the North for both military and commercial purposes.
The big guns placed on the heights at the city gave the Confederate army total command of the river — any Union vessels attempting to navigate between New Orleans and Memphis risked being blown out of the water as soon as they reached the vicinity of Vicksburg.
By the same token, control of the river at Vicksburg allowed the Southerners free access from the west to the east side of the Mississippi for the passage of food, troops, and materials of war imported from Europe through Mexico.
Having control of Vicksburg was truly a lifeline for the Confederacy. President Abraham Lincoln considered the taking of Vicksburg, which would result in opening the Mississippi to Union river traffic while closing it to the Confederates, one of his highest priorities. Grant, commander of the Union Army of the Tennessee.
The fortress, with the mile-wide Mississippi River to its west and impenetrable bayous and steep hills to the north and east, was well protected from direct assault. It was a tough nut, and it took Grant some time to figure out how to crack it. This, as well as at least four other attempts, failed.
With Grant seemingly getting nowhere, Northern newspapers and politicians began clamoring that he be replaced. But the President stood by him. I'll try him a little longer. After all the misfires, by April of Grant had developed the plan that would carry his army to victory.
Grant realized that what he really needed was to get his army to the south of Vicksburg where he could attack the city from its rear. But the plan he devised to achieve that aim was so militarily risky that almost all his subordinate commanders, including his great friend William Tecumseh Sherman, strongly advised against it.
In a letter to his brother, Sherman confessed his doubts about the plan. Grant proposed to march his troops to the south of Vicksburg on the opposite side of the Mississippi from the city.
The problem would then be how to get them back to the east side of the mile-wide river. That would require naval vessels to carry them across. The final risk factor, and the weightiest, was that once Grant had his army on the east side of the Mississippi, with Confederate forces massing against them, their backs would be to the river.
With no reliable supply line from the North, they would basically have to live off the land by foraging for food. And if the army should suffer a defeat, there would be no place to which they could safely retreat — victorious Confederates would drive them into the river.
The plan was set in motion. The result was a campaign commonly held by historians to be one of the most brilliant of the war. They then successfully ferried Grant's army across the river, landing at Bruinsburg on the Vicksburg side.
Writing his memoirs years later, Grant recounted what this achievement meant to him at the time: I felt a degree of relief scarcely ever equaled since.
Vicksburg was not yet taken it is true, nor were Its defenders demoralized by any of our previous moves. But I was on dry ground on the same side of the river with the enemy.
All the campaigns, labors, hardships and exposures from the month of December previous to this time that had been made and endured, were for the accomplishment of this one object. Pemberton, intent on employing the conventional tactic of attacking and cutting his enemy's supply lines to force him to retreat, remained befuddled throughout.
He couldn't find Grant's line of supply to attack it because Grant had none.In , three events proved to be turning points for the American Civil War: the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Gettysburg and the Siege of Vicksburg. The Battle of Gettysburg was a significant turning point of the Civil War because it prevented a confederate invasion of the North and eliminated about one-third of General Lee's men.
The Battle of Gettysburg was a critical turning point in the American Civil War.
During the first three days of July, , over , men and cannons were positioned in . Gettysburg: The Turning Point in the Civil War Length of the Battle By: Dylan Foss and Paul Cichon This battle was three days long, lasted from July , and was the bloodiest battle in American history.
Gettysburg Seething Hell: The epic battle of the Civil War in the soldiers' own words [Thomas R. Pero] on srmvision.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. To bring the sweeping story of the Gettysburg Campaign to life, talented contemporary photographers—some dressed in period-authentic uniforms—participated in th Civil War reenactment events across the country.
May 31, · The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the Civil War, costing the Union 23, killed, wounded, or missing in action. The Confederates suffered some 25, casualties.