Cognitive dissonance theory Cognitive Dissonance How do human beings make decisions?
Discussion Social psychology is a broad field that asks questions such as: How do we perceive others? How do we think about others? How do others think about us? How is our behavior influenced by others, both individually and in groups? When two concepts are associated, it's easy Assignment on cognitive dissonance give the same response to examples of two related concepts, such as flower and pleasant.
When two concepts are not associated such as insect and pleasantit's more difficult to give the same response. The IAT has been widely used to study implicit biases for race, age, gender roles, and other social constructs, but it's not without its critics.
Most obviously, people who take the IAT and are told that they have a bias against one race or one gender often protest that they do not.
I know plenty of women who work, and I totally respect a man's choice to stay home. This test is not measuring my beliefs. The participant may not want to publically disclose an unpopular belief social desirability bias. Even if the participant doesn't have a bias against women in careers or men at home, the IAT may reveal the dominant associations in the participant's culture that nevertheless influence individuals' behavior.
What do you think? Read some of the Background on the Project Implicit website, then describe which arguments for and against the IAT's validity you think are convincing. Can you think of a situation in which having a group of people take the IAT might be useful, and when it might be detrimental?
Experiments Review some of the classic experiments in social psychology and the principles they demonstrate.
Impression Formation In Snyder's telephone experiment, a man and a woman talk on the phone from separate rooms. The man is given a photo of either an attractive or an unattractive woman and told that she is the woman on the phone.
An independent listener hears only the woman's side of the conversation and rates her friendliness and warmth.
The man rates her as well. What do you think happens? What are the implications of these results? Importantly, this became a self-fulfilling prophecy — those men who believed they were interacting with attractive women were friendlier and more enthusiastic on the phone as rated by the independent listeners than the men who believed they were talking to unattractive women.
What's more, the independent observers also rated the women in the unattractive condition as less warm and less friendly. It's as if the men's expectations not only shaped their behavior, but also caused stereotype-confirming behavior in the women.
The results suggest that the stereotypes we hold influence not only how we act towards others but how they act towards us. Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive dissonance refers to the discomfort we experience when we hold conflicting beliefs or engage in a behavior that conflicts with a belief.
One of our principle motivations is the drive to reduce cognitive dissonance, which we often do by seeking out justification for our behavior.
In Festinger and Carlsmith's studyparticipants completed an extremely boring task, and were then asked to recommend the task to another person as interesting and enjoyable. When asked later, how did the three groups of participants rate their level of interest in the task?
According to cognitive dissonance theory, why did they do so? The control group experienced no cognitive dissonance: Faced with the conflicting positions "I told someone it was interesting" and "I know it was boring", these participants minimized the dissonance by modifying their original beliefs.
Conformity and Obedience In the wake of World War II, a number of psychologists began to study conformity and obedience to authority. In Asch's experiments, groups of participants were asked to participate in "vision tests" in which they had to say out loud whether line A, B, or C was the same length as the first line.
This content is excluded from our Creative Commons license. For more information, see http: In fact, all but one of the participants were in on it, and after giving several correct answers, these confederates began giving answers that were clearly wrong.
What about the lone subject — did he go along with the group, or give the obviously correct answer? Seventy-five percent of subjects conformed i.
Apparently, the social pressure to conform was fairly high.Assignment - Management Function & Behavior. Uploaded by princepratap. The company is mainly a family based srmvision.comment B Marks 15 Answer all questions. Achievement Relations with others Recognition Responsibility Cognitive Dissonance theory has been given by Taylor Vroom Festinger Skinner The purpose of feedback in.
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Psychology. AP Review. Assignments Assignments. Chapter 12 and 13 HEALTH ASSIGNMENT. INTELLIGENCE AND TESTING Letter to the Parents AP Psychology Explain cognitive dissonance and provide an example of how you have recently experienced cognitive dissonance in your own life.
Changing Attitudes by Changing Behavior Learning Objectives.
Outline the principles of cognitive dissonance and explain how they can account for the influences of behavior on attitude. Furthermore, and according to random assignment to conditions, half of the children were threatened with mild punishment if they disobeyed and the other.
Cognitive dissonance appeared to be experienced by many of the students who completed the assignment. We analyze students’ reaction to their cognitive dissonance and contend that their frequent use of simile, imagery and other imaginings were devices to . Stuck in the Cycle of Domestic Violence: Examining cognitive dissonance PSY Understanding why people abuse partners is difficult, but even more difficult is understanding why some people chose to remain in a life-threatening relationship.
Cognitive dissonance and equilibrium Pritchard () assumes that since the process of creating knowledge is complex, cognitive errors (e.g. Gettier cases) are possible.